A common foot pain is one that appears in the bottom of the foot. This is the first area that touches the ground and, basically, helps to keep our balance. There are many scientifically identified foot pains, primarily caused by not taking care of the foot. Some of these common foot pain problems such as bunions, corns and calluses, gout and plantar warts usually occur in the bottom of foot. Other painful disorders are flat foot and fungal toenail infection.
Flat foot means the entire bottom of the foot has contact with the ground. The problem can be inherited, caused by an injury, or by a medical condition. Flat foot treatment may include foot-strengthening exercises, and provision of good arch support shoes, known as orthotic. A bunion is a progressive disorder of a bony bump or bone enlargement at the base of the big toe that causes the adjacent toe to deviate toward the others. Misalignment of the foot bones that produces the characteristic bump at the toe's joint base can be very painful due to arthritis, and may also often lead to corns, painful toenail and foot pain. Pain relievers, pads and custom-made cushioned shoe inserts, or surgery, may help bunion pain, and wearing roomy shoes and avoiding high heels can also be effective in easing bunion pain.
Friction or repeated rubbing causes corns and calluses - thick, hardened dead skin - on the feet and toes. Painful calluses can form at the bottom of foot that typically bears most of the pressure and friction from walking and standing. To relieve corns, a moleskin pad is very helpful; while trimming and surgery for serious cases is preferred to correct foot calluses and foot pain in the bottom of foot.
The foot, ankle, or knee can also suffer from gout, which is usually caused by a high amount of uric acid (UA) in the body, and which results in hard crystals being formed outside the joints, leading to foot pain in the bottom of foot. Patients can suffer from attacks that last for days or even weeks, and normal treatment is with anti-inflammatory or UA-lowering medication. For gout prevention, it is best to eat a low-cholesterol, low-fat diet; avoid high-purine foods and fructose; slowly lose weight; restrict intake of alcohol; and stay hydrated.
Plantar warts are tough, horny growths, usually self-limiting, and mostly develop on the bottom of the foot. They are known to be contagious and cause viruses to enter through broken skin, usually on the sole of the foot. In many cases, plantar warts cause severe foot pain in bottom of foot to the patient, even though they seem to be harmless. Typical over-the-counter salicylic acid may help in removing plantar warts. In more severe cases, aggressive options like burning, freezing, laser therapy and surgical removal are more effective. To reduce the chances of getting plantar warts, one should wear footwear in public areas to reduce potential contact with human papillomavirus (HPV).
Fungal toenail infection can make your toenails thick, discolored, brittle and cause painful toenail or foot pain when microscopic fungi enter the nail plate. Nail infection doesn't naturally treat itself and the possibility of it getting worse is likely in the future if left untreated. Topical creams and lotions may prove helpful, but antifungal pills are the best chance of curing a severe infection.
These are only some of the most common disorders that can cause foot pain in the bottom of the foot. Generally, it is easy to prevent all of these complaints with proper footwear and foot care. It's never too late to keep the "balance keeper" into well balanced.Foot Pain in the Bottom of Foot